Wrist arthroscopy is a surgical technique that allows access to the wrist joint with minimal incisions by introducing a special caliber optic given the size. The evolution of the technique has seen a substantial increase since the 90s due to the emergence of new instruments and specially designed for this technique, which has allowed to transform what was previously a diagnostic arthroscopy to allow the therapeutic management of intraarticular injuries of both the wrist and hand without the need for open surgery.
The most common pathology for which treatment has arthroscopic indication are lesions of triangular fibrocartí cartilage, a meniscus-like structure that is located at the level of the ulnar region of the wrist and that may because
pain and functional deficit at the wrist level. Arthroscopy allows us to identify the injury and attempt to repair the injury.
Synvectomias by inflammatory pathology, joint stiffness and/or joint chondral lesions are pathologies whose treatment is performed completely or partially associated with open surgery by arthroscopy.
At present, the reduction of radio, ulna and even scaphoid joint fractures are protected by arthroscopy to improve the final result of the fracture.
Another of the treatments most in vogue in recent years and sponsored by the evolution of the minimum approaches in orthopedic surgery is the endoscopic treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome or the arthroscopic cleaning of the metacarpal trapezium joint by rizartrosis.