Shoulder arthroscopy is a surgical technique that involves the use of a small camera and small material to perform surgical procedures from within the shoulder joint through small incisions.
Shoulder arthroscopy has allowed for major advancements in both the treatment of pathologies and the description of various entities.
Using shoulder arthroscopy, pathologies such as glenohumeral instability, rotator cuff pathology or synovial pathology can be treated.
Glenohumeral instability is a shoulder pathology that causes everything from relapse to microinstability. Most shoulder instability occurs in young patients who play sport or after they have suffered a dislocation. Currently the treatment is carried out by shoulder arthroscopy in which the use of anchors with sutures, reconstruction of the stabilizing elements is achieved and a decrease in the capsular volume in order to stop humeral head subluxation.
The rotator cuff is an anatomical structure formed by the tendons of the subscapular, supraspine, minor round and infraespinous muscles that have as their main mission the elevation and rotation of the head of the humerus. Both tendinitis and rupture of one or more tendons can occur and usually occurs in patients of an average age. By means of shoulder arthroscopy, damaged tissue can be removed and with wire anchors tissue can be sutured and reclaimed from rotator cuff tendons.
Synovial pathology is an inflammation or irritation of the synovial membrane (present in all joints) and by arthroscopy both sampling for the diagnosis of rheumatic pathology and synovectomy can be performed consisting of the elimination of the synovial by motorized instruments or radiofrequency.