Knee arthroscopy is among the most widespread and common. Virtually all knee interventions that do not require the placement of a prosthesis are performed in whole or in part by arthroscopy
Meniscus lesions (fibrocartilaginous, semi-lubricated sheets between the bones of certain joints) are very common and are usually addressed by arthroscopy. In the case of the knee, there is an medial meniscus that breaks more frequently and lateral one. The function of meniscus is essential for the proper functioning of the knee and avoiding joint degeneration that will eventually turn into osteoarthritis.
For this reason, it is currently attempted to preserve as much of the meniscus as possible thanks to meniscale sutures, partial resections and if necessary a transplant.
Another common sports-related injury is a ruptured anterior cruciate ligament. This type of injury creates an instability in the knee that prevents sports activity and if left untreated can lead to problems in the meniscus and cartilage. This is why lesions of this type require arthroscopic reconstruction of the ligament with different grafts.
Cartilage injuries are very common and can be acute or chronic such as osteoarthritis. The preservation of cartilage is essential to avoid degenerative processes that once initiated have a difficult solution. For this reason, arthroscopy allows us to visualize and access the knee in an non-invasive way allowing us to avoid accelerated wear of the knee.