Elbow arthroscopy is a surgical technique consisting of the use of a small camera and small material to perform surgical procedures inside the elbow joint through small incisions. Elbow arthroscopy has been a major step forward in both the treatment of pathologies and their description.
Cartilage is the tissue that covers the joint surfaces and has the mission of reducing friction and achieving a joint movement without friction. Joint cartilage injury causes pain, joint blockages and decreased mobility, and advanced joint degeneration can arrive and end in osteoarthritis.
Typically in the elbow we find diseases such as Panner´s disease which is an osteochondritis in the capitelum or secondary lesions caused by joint trauma. Elbow arthroscopy allows us both to diagnose osteochondural lesions and to treat them.
Synovial pathology is an inflammation or irritation of the synovial membrane (present in all joints) and by arthroscopy can be performed both sampling for the diagnosis of rheumatic pathology and the realization of synovectomy consisting in the elimination of the synovial by motorized instruments or radiofrequency.
Joint stiffness can easily develop in the elbow after a fracture, dislocation, or immobilized area. Joint stiffness produces great limitation of the functionality of the joint, preventing the correct development of activities of daily life. This is why its treatment is essential and through arthroscopy it can be achieved to improve the mobility of the joint without causing added damage as it is a non-invasive technique.